Diabetes itself is not terrible, the terrible thing is the harm caused by its complications.
- It is an independent risk factor for heart & cerebrovascular diseases. Compared with non-diabetic people, the risk of heart and cerebrovascular diseases in diabetes patients is increased by 2 to 4 times
- Patients are often accompanied by lipid disorders, high blood pressure, which is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
- Patients with type-2 diabetes often have dyslipidemia. Hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia can promote or aggravate angina, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia and other diseases. Therefore, diabetic patients with dyslipidemia should undergo lipid-lowering treatment;
- Hypertension is one of the common complications or accompanying diseases of diabetes. The epidemic situation is related to factors such as diabetes type, age, obesity and ethnicity; and the incidence rate is 30% to 80% 3 . Coexisting diabetes and hypertension of cardiovascular disease, the risk of stroke and progression, nephropathy and retinopathy increased significantly, also increased diabetes mortality.
- Type 2 diabetes is an equal-risk disease of coronary heart disease, that is; the harm (case fatality rate) of the two diseases to the human body is similar. Diabetic patients without a history of coronary heart disease have a risk of myocardial infarction for the first time within 10 years> 20%. And diabetic patients who have already suffered from myocardial infarction have a risk of recurrent myocardial infarction in the future more than 40%.
DIABETES PATIENTS OFTEN HAVE CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE
- Diabetes patients often have cerebrovascular diseases; which may cause cerebral hemorrhage, double stroke, arachnophobia hemorrhage; lacunar cerebral infarction, cerebral embolism and cerebral thrombosis.
- Strict control of blood sugar, blood pressure, blood lipids, body weight and other comprehensive treatments are important measures to improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
- Untreated diabetes may cause very dangerous acute complications, such as diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetic non-ketotic hyperosmolar coma and so on.
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Good blood sugar control plays an important role in reversing and reducing the complications of type 2 diabetes, reducing disability and mortality, and improving the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes.
DIABETES IS CONTROLLABLE
Although diabetes is so bad that it sticks to you like a “kraft candy”, you can’t get rid of it. but as long as you understand the essence of disease. you will find that it is actually a “paper tiger” because diabetes is preventable and controllable. We have a healthy lifestyle, a positive and optimistic attitude, and correct and reasonable health guidance can keep diabetes out. Do:
- Eat moderation, reduce total calories, reduce meaty and fatty foods.
- Increase the intake of fiber-rich foods such as vegetables, fruits, grains, etc.
- Quit smoking and limit alcohol.
- At least 5 times a week, moderate exercise for more than 30 minutes each time
- Keep your weight in the normal range.
Even if you have diabetes, it is not scary. As long as your blood sugar is well controlled, diabetic patients will enjoy a colorful and healthy life like normal people.
HOW TO CONTROL DIABETES?
Comprehensive treatment of diabetic-five carriages
- Diabetic education and psychotherapy or contact with health and wellness coach to solve these problems.
- Diet therapy
- Exercise therapy
- medical treatment
HOW DIABETES MAINTAIN WITH DIET?
Control the intake of total calories and balance various nutrients reasonably. aims:
- Maintain ideal blood sugar levels
- Reduce cardiovascular risk factors
- Including dyslipidemia and high blood pressure
- Provide a balanced and nutritious diet
- Maintain a reasonable weight
- Eat more healthy carbohydrate foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, and low-fat dairy products.
- Ingest no more than 20 grams (2 tablespoons) of oil or fat per day.
- Limit foods with high saturated fatty acids or high cholesterol content, such as fatty meat, egg yolk, etc.Daily cholesterol intake should be less than 300 mg.
- Eat fish 2-4 times a week. But eating fried fish is not recommended.
- Limit the consumption of high-calorie, low-nutrient foods. Including foods with a lot of sugar added, such as soft drinks and candies.
- Daily salt intake is less than 5-6 grams, especially for hypertensive patients.
- Quit smoking and limit alcohol, it is best not to drink alcohol. Drinking should pay attention to that, adult women do not exceed 15g of alcohol per day, which is equivalent to 450ml of beer, 150ml of wine, or 50g (1 tael) of 38° white wine. Adult men drink less than 25g (0.5 tael) of alcohol per day. which is equivalent to 750ml of beer, Or 250ml wine, or 75g (1.5 taels) of 38° white wine. Pregnant women and children and adolescents should not drink alcohol.
HOW DO PEOPLE WITH DIABETES EXERCISE?
Regular exercise is most important for a healthy diet! It will help you:
- Improve insulin sensitivity & reduce insulin resistance.
- Relieve mild to moderate hypertension.
- Improve blood lipids and reduce weight.
- Improve cardiopulmonary function & promote systemic metabolism.
- Reduce the risk of heart stroke and heart disease.
- Suitable aerobic exercises for sports, such as walking, jogging, climbing stairs, swimming,playing ball, dancing,cycling, and Tai Chi, etc.
- Exercise time 3-5 times a week. Or once a day, 20-30 minutes each time, the best hypoglycemic effect. It is better to exercise around 1 hour after a meal, and hypoglycemia is not easy to occur.
- Exercise intensity can be determined by heart rate: heart rate <170-age is moderate intensity exercise.
- Exercise should be suitable for the absence of palpitations and shortness of breath. The whole body is hot and sweating. but not profusely sweating.
- Monitor blood sugar before and after exercise. Patients taking hypoglycemic drugs should carry candies, biscuits, fruits or drinks with them; and consume them immediately if hypoglycemia occurs.